"...the traditional training of the artist and his preparation of the wall inspired the exploration for alternative options for stabilizing efflorescence.


Ask the Conservators

The conservation techniques being used with the Vanka Murals are relatively untested in the United States. Do you have a question about the conservation of the murals? Submit it to: The Q&A will be archived for future users. Please allow up to two weeks for a response. If your question is urgent, contact us at: